Module oneIntroduction and Town Driving

Familiarise student with controls of car, wipers,de-misters etc
Read Page 2 & 3 - Problem and Solution - Developing skills
Pedestrians old and young, dealing with emergency vehicles, cyclists, visual scanning techniques, lane changes, avoid sudden braking, over caution, schools, crossings

Module 2 - All weather driving -Fog-Rain-Snow-Shadows-Low Sun

Clean windows, wipers,washers, heated windows and mirrors, Fog lights front and rear, appropriate lights, skidding, sliding, aquaplaning, tyre tread and pressures, ABS brakes, Steering in poor weather.

Module 3 -  Out of town rural driving

reading road surfaces, soft verges, no kerbs, difference between town and rural driving, dealing with bends, Speed/Position/ other road users, gradients, load / weight distribution and its effect on vehicle performance, The horn effectiveness.

Overtaking slow moving traffic, where when and how to make safe progress, safe distance to follow. 

Animals such as horses, horse box's, pedestrians, tractors, mud on road, concealed entrances, hazard perception.

Module 4 - Night Driving - Stopping distances - Lighting - Visibility - Parking 

Lights working, proper adjustment, proper use of lights, Dazzling others, able to pull up within sight range, stopping distances, visibility and weather conditions at night. 

Seeing and reacting
Clean windows (reflections), clean number plates and reflectors, cyclists & pedestrians with and without reflective clothing, intelligent predicting (pubs,schools,clubs etc), difference between li and unlit roads, defensive driving due to dazzle, wet road glare.

Parking at night (248 to 252)
You MUST NOT park on a road at night facing against the direction of the traffic flow unless in a recognised parking space. Laws CUR reg 101 & RVLR reg 24

All vehicles MUST display parking lights when parked on a road or a lay-by on a road with a speed limit greater than 30 mph (48 km/h).

Law RVLR reg 24

Cars, goods vehicles not exceeding 1525 kg unladen weight, invalid carriages, motorcycles and pedal cycles may be parked without lights on a road (or lay-by) with a speed limit of 30 mph (48 km/h) or less if they are

  • at least 10 metres (32 feet) away from any junction, close to the kerb and facing in the direction of the traffic flow
  • in a recognised parking place or lay-by.

Other vehicles and trailers, and all vehicles with projecting loads,MUST NOT be left on a road at night without lights.
Laws RVLR reg 24 & CUR reg 82(7)


Parking in fog. It is especially dangerous to park on the road in fog. If it is unavoidable, leave your parking lights or sidelights on.


Parking on hills. If you park on a hill you should

  • park close to the kerb and apply the handbrake firmly
  • select a forward gear and turn your steering wheel away from the kerb when facing uphill
  • select reverse gear and turn your steering wheel towards the kerb when facing downhill
  • use ‘park’ if your car has an automatic gearbox.

Highway Code - Rule 252 When Parking Turn Your Wheels Away From The Kerb When Facing Uphill Turn Them Towards The Kerb When Facing Downhill

Module 5 - Dual carriageways 

Joining, turning, leaving
Joining from slip road, side road, turning left, turning right, central reservations, roundabouts, assessing traffic emerging and entering carriageways safely.

Forward Planing  & observations
Reaction to other road users joining and leaving carriageways, turning round at roundabouts, safe lane changing, separation distances, lane discipline, road signs and markings, awareness to end of dual carriageway, speed limit awareness, red waring triangle.

When safe, when necessary, MM/S/P/S/G/L, observations of other lanes.

Module 6 - Motorways

Joining and Leaving
from slip road / acceleration lane, roundabout, accessing emerging or entering traffic.

Forward planning & observations
When safe, when necessary, MM/S/P/S/G/L, effective observation of other road users in other lanes, separation distance, (only a fool breaks the 2 second rule), reaction to road signs and markings, awareness, judgement of faster and slower moving traffic.

When safe, when necessary, MM/S/P/S/G/L, observations of other lanes, high sided vehicles, inclines, wind and turbulence effects.

Breakdown & safety
Planning a journey, tell someone where & which way your going, fatigue, hard shoulders and dangers, other occupants, dealing with animals, emergency telephones, location markers.


The Driving Instructor 
Tel: 07971 882827
a DSA & Pass Plus registered driving instructor